Having spent several years in the sea, I have come to a conclusion that success in fishing is measured by the size and number of fish you get at the moment. For you to triumph in this vocation, you need to be on time and at the right place and of course luck involved! I have experienced fishers getting to the water early to no avail, and someone comes later and boom they get a catch of their life.
Whether you are in fishing as a recreational activity or professional, you need to know the different techniques and tools that are required for you to have a fair amount of success. First and foremost, fishing was done from ages ago and with this in mind, you know they are several methods used in catching fish both traditional and the developed ones. In either way, you will require some tools to go about with your expedition.
Fishing tools can either be used passively or actively. Active fishing refers to the scrupulous fish hunting using tools such as seine net, trawl net or a ‘fishing gun.’ Passive fishing, on the other hand, refers to waiting and watching for a fish to be trapped by your tool ‘magically.’ Tools used in passive fishing include trap net, line net, etc. fishing tools have evolved gradually but the technique used is more of the same. Some of the fishing techniques are discussed underneath.
Octopus fishing, this type of a cephalopod is known to shelter in hollows in the sea especially a seabed. Its catch is purely based on this fact. Plastic barrels or clay pots, the lid exclusive, are fixed in a rope with reasonable intervals and left in water for a few hours to days. The fish are trapped, and later the fisher comes to collect them. Different regions and different times use this technique but with different tools example in the Arctic locale, the fish is caught using a rod attached to a line and a lure, in Switzerland, they use la gamble with a line and a sequence of hooks while in the North they use a Walrus tusk.
Trawling is also a fishing technique that involves the use of nets and requires pulling a trawl net (funnel-shaped) behind a trawler (boat) consequently catching fish. Bottom trawl catches fish species that shelter around the seabed like whiting, haddock or cod while pelagic trawl targets mid-water fish species like the tuna, anchovies, and mackerel.
Sardine fishing is another fishing technique that has been on the use since the ancient times. This fishing technique makes use of two sorts of fishing nets; the seines, and gillnets. Seines surrounds the shoal thus ensnaring the fish; gillnets catch the fish by trapping their gills
The above methods are only used in the shallow sea fishing; however, deep sea fishing is discouraged in most areas around the world to evade overfishing. Another fishing technique that is discouraged globally is electro-fishing. Electro-fishing and deep-sea fishing cause diminution of numerous fish species and stock. While these laws do not entirely solve the aquatic ecosystem imbalance, at least they conserve little marine life.